ISSN 2250-5660 print | ISSN 2250-5415 online | Actualizado en  diciembre de 2017



The repression of the desire in Cuban cinema: the sexual antiheroes of Memories of Underdevelopment, Cecilia and Strawberry and Chocolate

Gabriel Guillén

Middlebury Institute of International Studies


This article explores the “playboy” as a sexual antihero in three of the most representative films of Cuban cinema, Memorias del subdesarrollo (1968), Cecilia (1981), and Fresa y Chocolate (1994). The visual censorship of these antiheroes reflects the moral architecture of a political system that, at least during the 1960s, tried to “dictate” the intimate life of its citizens. Through a detailed analysis of the three films, it seeks to demonstrate that this repression of desire transcends the condemnation of a visual patriarchy, joining Hollywood cinema in the sanction of sexual appetite. The repressions of film protagonists Sergio, Leonardo and Diego represent a conservative and bourgeois morality, despite some legitimate intentions such as the irony over the male desire of the camera or the integration of the homosexuality in revolutionary Cuba.

Keywords: Cuban cinema | sexuality | cinema and ideology

This article is, for the time being, only available in Spanish: La represión del deseo en el cine cubano: los antihéroes sexuales de Memorias del subdesarrollo, Cecilia y Fresa y Chocolate

  Table of Contents
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Universidad Nacional de Córdoba
Departamento de Ética, Política y Tecnología, Instituto de Investigaciones y Cátedra de Etica y Derechos Humanos, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad de Buenos Aires